- Preliminary Unit
- Lesson 0: English Sounds, Intonation & Stress
- Lesson 1: Review of Present Tenses
- Lesson 2: Perfect VS. Continuous Aspect
- Lesson 3: The Passive & Causatives
- Lesson 4: Types of questions
- Lesson 5: Re-telling a story
- Lesson 6: Narrative Tenses
- Lesson 7: Past Modals
- Lesson 8: Conditional sentences
- Lesson 9: Reporting verbs & Reported speech
- Lesson 10: Hedging & Social problems
- Lesson 11: Proposals & Handling an awkward situation
- Lesson 12: IT vocabulary
- Lesson 13: Quantifiers II
- Lesson 14: Verbs followed by gerunds and/or infinitives
- Lesson 15: Describing people & animals
- Lesson 16: Modals of Deduction & Mixed Conditionals
- Lesson 17: Book & Film Reviews
- Lesson 18: Describing trends and graphs
- Lesson 19: Connecting speech
- Lesson 20: Wishes & Regrets / Position of adverbs
- Lesson 21: So / Such & Intensifiers
- Lesson 22: How to write an article & Expressing agreement
- Lesson 23: For & Against Essay / Music & Arts Vocabulary
- Lesson 24: Be/Get used to & Past habits
- Lesson 25: Multi-word verbs
- Lesson 26: Relative Clauses II
- Lesson 27: Future Perfect Tenses
- Lesson 28: Idioms & Proverbs
- Lesson 29: Crime&Law vocabulary
- Lesson 30: Health vocabulary
- Lesson 31: How to write a biography
- Lesson 32: Money vocabulary
- Lesson 33: Anecdotes, collocations, estimating & sources of information
Lesson 0: English Sounds, Intonation & Stress
PART I: English vowels, diphthongs and consonant sounds
- Let’s start off by reviewing the English Sounds. You can add words you know next to each sound and then make relevant sentences to repeat out loud. Please note it includes a worksheet to practise.
- Check what you’ve learned with these online exercises:
- You can use a Text-to-speech Reader to hear full sentences; or try an Online Converter to see the transcription of full sentences. There’s this interactive Phonemic Chart for further practice of isolated sounds.
- Remember there are a number of apps to help you improve your pronunciation:
- You can also check the following exercise on Homophones like AUNT and AREN’T /a:nt/. For advanced students there is this Comprehensive List of British Homophones.
- Test your Transcription skills and then complete this Phonetics Exercise. There is also a worksheet on Silent Letters. Finally, read the following paragraph out loud and then write it down:
gʊd mɔrnɪŋ ɛvriwən. tədei wi wɪl lərn əbaʊt ɪŋglɪʃ ɪntəneʃən. ɪt ɪz vɛri ɪmpɔrtənt ðæt ju lərn fənɛtɪks ænd ɪntəneʃən ɪf ju wɑnt tu spik wɛl ænd lərn nju w3ːrdz. ju kæn ɒlso præktɪs ɒnlɑjn juzɪŋ ə dɪkʃənɛri.
PART II: English Intonation & Stress
- We shall look at and discuss the following presentation on English Intonation and Stress in class:
Alternatively, you can download the PDF file here.
- Once you have read it, look at the following speech and listen to the clip below:
- Underline all the content words.
- How many did you underline?
- Mark all the pauses with a forward slash, as in the example.
- How many pauses are there in all?
- Click on KEY to view the answers.
PART III: Chunking, chanting and rapping
You can improve your pronunciation by miming native speakers’ intonation. The chunking and chanting techniques can be used with Lyrics, so you can have fun along the way.